What Caused the First World War?
The Peace Conference of 1912-1913 in London
Many factors contributed to an atmosphere that facilitated the First World War:
Militarism - the belief that a government’s war machine can solve issues for its benefit if it is adequately powerful. For example, a country uses its military to invade another country to expand its empire (e.g. Germany invades France).
Alliances - where separate political units (e.g. countries) team up to protect and/or extend their interests. Alliances can be physical or ideological. The Triple ENTENTE (Britain, France, Russia: the “Allies”) was pitted against the Triple ALLIANCE (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy: the “Axis”). Note: FIRST BALKAN WAR.
Imperialism - the desire by countries to build overseas empires in order to expand their reach and riches. By the time Germany was ready to do this, all of the best pieces of the pie were already taken by other countries.
Nationalism - when people feel deep loyalty to their nation; nationalism can rally people to an empire’s cause. Example: The Black Hand, a Serbian Nationalist movement, did not like its Austro-Hungarian rulers who were seen as outsiders by many Serbs. See Assassination below.
Industrialism - an economic focus on large-scale mechanized industry rather than agriculture and/or resource harvesting. This factor, taken along with the others, led to an arms race and, ultimately, massive casualty numbers among all First World War belligerents. New industrial technologies led to more efficient war-making tools: dreadnought battleships, long range artillery, tanks, airplanes, submarines/U-boat, machine guns, chemical weapons, zeppelins.
Hmmm... Militarism (M), Alliances (A), Imperialism (I), Nationalism (N), Industrialism (I), Assassination (A)... M A I N I A... it's not a word, but I can definitely remember that! “MAINIA”
Mix those letters up. Create a mnemonic to help you remember the Causes of WWI.
Which mix works best for you? How about AIMAIN or AMIINA ?